Scientific papers are submitted to a journal as word processor files, usually in Microsoft Word format. After the paper is accepted for publication, the journal takes the manuscript and translates the text into a format that is better suited for publication online and/or in print. XML and the NLM DTD – a set of XML schema modules – have evolved as the standard data format for this purpose. Files in the NLM DTD format can in turn be translated into HTML and/or PDF for publication. The NLM DTD format is also used to transfer journal articles from publishers to archives (e.g. PubMed Central) and for long-term archiving.
This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at https://front-matter.io/mfenner/xtyles-interview-with-elizabeth-blake-and-bruce-rosenblum