Effects of Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia and Chronic Sleep Fragmentation on Gut Microbiome, Serum Metabolome, Liver and Adipose Tissue Morphology (9 tweets)

Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and chronic sleep fragmentation (CSF) are two cardinal pathological features of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Dietary obesity is a crucial risk intermediator for OSA and metabolic disorders. Gut microbiota affect hepatic and adipose tissue morphology under conditions of CIH or CSF through downstream metabolites. However, the exact relationship is unclear. Herein, chow and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice were subjected to CIH or CSF for 10 weeks each and compared to normoxia (NM) or normal sleep (NS) controls. 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, untargeted liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and histological assessment of liver and adipose tissues were used to investigate the correlations between the microbiome, metabolome, and lipid metabolism under CIH or CSF condition. Our results demonstrated that CIH and CSF regulate the abundance of intestinal microbes (such as Akkermansia mucinphila, Clostridium spp., Lactococcus spp., and Bifidobacterium spp.) and functional metabolites, such as tryptophan, free fatty acids, branched amino acids, and bile acids, which influence adipose tissue and hepatic lipid metabolism, and the level of lipid deposition in tissues and peripheral blood. In conclusion, CIH and CSF adversely affect fecal microbiota composition and function, and host metabolism; these findings provide new insight into the independent and synergistic effects of CIH, CSF, and HFD on lipid disorders.

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.11.15.468769